Today the forest industry has access to innovations in technology that have resulted in the industry now being able to utilize all parts of a tree.
With the growing concerns about depletion of our natural resources, governments and industry are taking steps to make sure that they get the most out of the natural resources they use and they are also looking to find ways to reduce the amount of resources they take from the environment. When it comes to the forest industry, today, innovations in technology have resulted in the industry now being able to utilize all parts of a tree. The forest industry is one industry that has leveraged technological innovations to optimized wood to be used to making a multitude of different products. Wood pulp is one product created from trees that is a part of all of our everyday lives.
What is Wood Pulp?
The wood industry is one of the few raw material industries which have evolved to be an endlessly self renewing industry. Wood Pulp is wood that has been ground up to a pulp. The pulp and paper industry mainly utilizes wood chips or trees that are too thin to be processed for other economically profitable purposes. The industry once used primarily softwoods but now hardwoods that grow in temperate climates are being utilized. However, softwood provides longer fibers than hardwoods so they continue to be used for papers that need the highest strength properties. As well, paper and board can be made with de inked pulps which is pulp made from recovered paper that has had their inks and other contaminants removed.
Wood is composed of cellulose fibers that are held together by a substance called lignin. The cellulose fibers are separated from each other and accumulate in an aggregate of individual fibers that are called wood pulp. The separation of fibers is by chemical means where the lignin that is holding all of the fibers together is dissolved by cooking the wood chips in the appropriate chemicals. Most chemical pulp is made by the alkaline sulphate or kraft process which uses of caustic soda and sodium sulphate to cook the wood chips. After the fibers are separated they are washed and screened to remove any residual bundles of fiber.
Wood pulp is used to make a variety of consumer products such as: printing paper, writing paper, newspapers, paper towels, tissue, including tissue, paper towels, filter paper, feminine hygiene products, disposable diapers, and more. For the environmentally concerned, there are acid or neutral sulphite mills that produce pulps which can be bleached easily hydrogen peroxide. These pulps fulfill today s eco friendly consumer demands for chlorine free raw materials.
Market pulp is pulp that is sold in open competition with other pulp producers. All pulp exported from the producing country is considered to be market pulp. Customers from all over the world will buy wood pulp from wood pulp suppliers. Market pulp is any one of the varieties of pulp that is produced in one place, dried, and then shipped to another location for further processing. Pulp is valued based on such features as viscosity, brightness, ash content, and dirt levels.
Part Of Your Everyday Life
Many different types of essential consumer products can be created from the cellulose that is extracted during the extraction process that created the pulp. Market Pulp is a multibillion dollar industry and with advancements in industrial extraction technologies, the pulp industry possibilities appear to be endless. It is amazing what we can do with a tree and fortunately the industry is looking to find ways to conserve our forests while using non essential parts of the wood to make pulp for making a myriad of products we use everyday.
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