When a fish takes your lure it s a rush of adrenaline like no other! No wonder sea fishing with lures has become so popular. This guide will explain the different types of lure available and their relative merits.
Lure fishing is a game of wits between you and the fish. In order to lure a target fish you need to know how it lives and feeds and then mimic its food source. There are now many different types of lure available so to keep this guide simple we will focus on the four main categories: Soft Lures, Hard Lures, Spoons/Spinners and Jig Heads.
Soft lures are usually made from moulded plastics and are available as worms, eels, shads (bait fish) and crustaceans (shrimps and crabs). Soft lures have the advantage of being extremely flexible and this allows them to behave very realistically when pulled through the water. They can also be impregnated with scents or attractants to make them even more appealing to the target fish. Some soft lures are sold with a jig hook already embedded but they can also be bought without the hook in which case a separate jig hook or jig head will be required.
A jig hook is a specially shaped hook that is designed to be used with a soft lure. It enables the lure to be threaded onto the hook leaving both the point and the eye of the hook correctly positioned in the body of the lure. A jig head is a jig hook with a weighted head making it easy to cast and giving it a varying action in the water. Traditionally a jig head would simply consist of a lead ball attached to the shaft of the jig hook but modern jig heads are designed to add visual attraction to the lure by resembling the head of a real fish or by the use of large painted eyes and bright colours.
A hard lure will typically be made from a hard plastic or polymer resin and will normally be supplied to a specific weight with one or sometimes two triple hooks already attached. Weights and external hooks are therefore not required making the hard lure a complete, simple and fast option. The downside here is that they tend to be more expensive to buy... and to lose! Hard lures can be designed with specific characteristics such as the ability to dive or surface when pulled.
Spoons and Spinners
Spoons and spinners are brightly painted metal lures that are designed to display a variety of glint, colour and motion as they are pulled through the water. These are available in a number of shapes and sizes and can be used to attract Bass, Pollock, Mackerel and many other predatory fish.
Which lure works best under which conditions is up to you to decipher. This is part of the fun and the skill of lure fishing.